Overactive Bladder: Symptoms and Causes

Overactive Bladder: Symptoms and Causes
Publish on 2019-04-08

Overactive Bladder or OAB, sometimes also called an irritable bladder, is a urological condition representing symptoms of urgency, frequency and with or without urge incontinence.  Meaning that Overactive Bladder causes a sudden urge to urinate. The urge may be difficult to stop, and OAB may lead to the involuntary loss of urine. Overactive Bladder is more common among women and older people than among men and children. The best urologist in Dubai can help you with advice on understanding the condition an how to get it under control but in the beginning understanding, the nature of the condition and what are the causes and symptoms are inevitable. 

There are also different factors that can cause irritation to the bladder.

Internal Irritation:

  • A urinary tract infection where bacteria are irritating the mucosa on the inside of the bladder.
  • Some excessive consumption of drinks, such as coffee and energy drinks for containing certain substances that can also cause irritation.
  • Bladder stones. 

External Irritation:

  • Constipation
  • Certain gynecological conditions, such as prolapse or ovarian tumors.

However, both internal and external irritations do not necessarily mean having OAB.

What are the symptoms of Overactive Bladder?

Symptoms of an irritable bladder or OAB vary but the most common ones are:

  • An uncomfortable feeling in abdomen and distention.
  • Experience urge incontinence — the involuntary void of urine immediately even sometimes in large volume following an urgent need to urinate.
  • Urinate frequently, usually more than eight times a day.
  • Waking up, two or more times at night, to urinate (nocturia).

What Causes OAB?

Overactive bladder typically occurs when nerve signals between the bladder and the brain signal the bladder to discharge even when it is not full and the bladder and pelvic floor muscles are not in coordination. OAB can also occur when the muscles in the bladder are too active or contract when they are not meant to, creating that sudden and strong urge to urinate. This is called "urgency."

Also a number of causes to take in consideration such as common causes of OAB that worsen the symptoms:

  • Increasing age especially among women.
  • Back issues/surgery.
  • Obesity and being overweight.
  • Neurological conditions that affect the brain and spine including diabetes, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, stroke, cerebral palsy and spinal cord injury.
  • Bladder tumors, stones and infections
  • Certain medications such as diuretics, sedatives, and antidepressants

OAB does not cause pain. If you feel pain while urinating, you may have an infection.

Urologic health is not a matter of question when feeling a change in urination pattern getting a consultancy from a urologist, hospital in Dubai is unavoidable. Book your appointment now with the best consultant urologist in Dubai at German Heart Centre.



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