Being the No. 1 cause of death in the world, heart diseases are of many types, each one with its own symptoms and treatment. While making necessary changes in lifestyle and taking appropriate medication can make a huge difference for some, for others, surgery becomes the only option when the disease progresses to more serious stages.
Heart disease is sometimes interchanged with cardiovascular disease which is caused by a specific tissue failure of the circulatory system. Heart disease can be characterized with complications such as damage, failure or deformities of the heart muscle, valves, blood vessels, heart rhythm or related tissue whereas cardiovascular diseases are a result of narrowed or blocked blood vessels that lead to heart attack, heart failure, chest pain or stroke.
The symptoms of heart disease generally revolve around the type of heart disease and the gender of the patient. While men are more likely to experience chest pain, women develop other symptoms such as shortness of breath, extreme fatigue, nausea, and chest discomfort.
1. Atherosclerotic Disease - Symptoms of heart disease in your blood vessels
Atherosclerosis is a disease that forms plaque up inside the arteries. The Plaque is a composition of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances found in the blood. Symptoms can include:
Most patients are not diagnosed with cardiovascular diseases until they suffer from a heart attack, stroke, angina or heart failure. To keep up with your diagnosis, it is crucial to discuss every concern with your doctor and get screening tests. Early diagnosis can help get appropriate treatment and prevent further progression of the disease.
2. Heart Arrhythmias – Heart disease symptoms caused by abnormal heartbeats
A heart arrhythmia can be described as irregular heartbeat when the electrical impulses that coordinate your heartbeats don't work properly. As a result, the heart beats too slow, too fast, or irregularly. Heart arrhythmia symptoms can include:
3. Birth Defects – Heart disease symptoms caused by heart defects
Congenital heart defects that are serious and identified soon after birth can also lead to cardiovascular disease. These defects often show symptoms in children before a heart attack happens. The symptoms include:
Congenital heart defects that are less serious are difficult to diagnose and are often overlooked until adulthood. These heart defects are not immediately life-threatening. Their symptoms include:
4. Dilated Cardiomyopathy – Heart disease symptoms caused by weak heart muscle
The patient may have no symptoms during the early stages of cardiomyopathy. When the condition progresses the body starts showing signs. These symptoms include:
5. Endocarditis – Heart disease symptoms caused by bacteria, fungi or other germs
Endocarditis is an infection of the endocardium, a membrane that lines the inside of the heart chambers. The infection is caused by bacteria, fungi or other germs when it enters the bloodstream and attaches to damaged areas of the heart. The symptoms include:
6. Valvular Heart Disease – Heart disease symptoms caused by damaged/defective valves
Valvular heart disease occurs when one or more of the four valves of the heart is damaged or defective. In the disease, a stenotic valve pushes the blood to back up in the adjacent heart chamber, while the damaged/defective valve allows blood to leak back into the chamber it exited. The symptoms generally include:
How GHC Can Help?
Heart disease can be a lot easier to treat with medication through early detection. However, if the disease progresses beyond medicinal recovery, surgery becomes necessary. If you are experiencing signs of heart disease, are showing symptoms or are concerned about risks of developing heart disease, book an appointment with our top cardiologists are German Heart Center Dubai to get professional consultation, examination, and treatment. If you are experiencing severe chest pain, intense breathlessness or fainting, seek emergency help at our clinic.
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